MODELLING UNCERTAINTY OF SINGLE IMAGE INDOOR LOCALISATION USING A 3D MODEL AND DEEP LEARNING
Many current indoor localisation approaches need an initial location at the beginning of localisation. The existing visual approaches to indoor localisation perform a 3D reconstruction of the indoor spaces beforehand, for determining this initial location, which is challenging for large indoor spaces. In this research, we present a visual approach for indoor localisation that is eliminating the requirement of any image-based reconstruction of indoor spaces by using a 3D model. A deep Bayesian convolutional neural network is fine-tuned with synthetic images generated from a 3D model to estimate the camera pose of real images. The uncertainty of the estimated camera poses is modelled by sampling the outputs of the Bayesian network fine-tuned with synthetic images. The results of the experiments indicate that a localisation accuracy of 2 metres can be achieved using the proposed approach.