Comparison of the GRUAN data products for Meisei RS-11G and Vaisala RS92-SGP radiosondes at Tateno (36.06° N, 140.13° E), Japan

Kobayashi, Eriko; Hoshino, Shunsuke; Iwabuchi, Masami; Sugidachi, Takuji; Shimizu, Kensaku; Fujiwara, Masatomo

A total of 87 dual flights of Meisei RS-11G radiosondes and Vaisala RS92-SGP radiosondes were carried out at the Aerological Observatory of the Japan Meteorological Agency (36.06 N, 140.13 E, 25.2 m) from April 2015 to June 2017. Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Reference Upper-Air Network (GRUAN) data products from both sets of radiosonde data for 52 flights were subsequently created using a documented processing program along with the provision of optimal estimates for measurement uncertainty. Differences in the performance of the radiosondes were then quantified using the GRUAN data products. The temperature measurements of RS-11G were, on average, 0.4 K lower than those of RS92-SGP in the stratosphere for daytime observations. The relative humidity measurements of RS-11G were, on average, 2 % RH (relative humidity) lower than those of RS92-SGP under 90 % RH–100 % RH conditions, while RS-11G gave on average 5 % RH higher values than RS92-SGP under ≤50 % RH conditions. The results from a dual flight of RS-11G and a cryogenic frost point hygrometer (CFH) also showed that RS-11G gave 1 % RH–10 % RH higher values than the CFH in the troposphere. Differences between the RS-11G and RS92-SGP temperature and relative humidity measurements, based on combined uncertainties, were also investigated to clarify major influences behind the differences. It was found that temperature differences in the stratosphere during daytime observation were within the range of uncertainty (k=2), and that sensor orientation is the major source of uncertainty in the RS92-SGP temperature measurement, while sensor albedo is the major source of uncertainty for RS-11G. The relative humidity difference in the troposphere was larger than the uncertainty (k=2) after the radiosondes had passed through the cloud layer, and the temperature–humidity dependence correction was the major source of uncertainty in RS-11G relative humidity measurement. Uncertainties for all soundings were also statistically investigated. Most nighttime temperature measurements for pressures of >10hPa were in agreement, while relative humidity in the middle troposphere exhibited significant differences. Around half of all daytime temperature measurements at pressures of ≤150hPa and relative humidity measurements around the 500 hPa level were not in agreement.

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Kobayashi, Eriko / Hoshino, Shunsuke / Iwabuchi, Masami / et al: Comparison of the GRUAN data products for Meisei RS-11G and Vaisala RS92-SGP radiosondes at Tateno (36.06° N, 140.13° E), Japan. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Eriko Kobayashi et al.

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