PRECISE AERIAL IMAGE ORIENTATION USING SAR GROUND CONTROL POINTS FOR MAPPING OF URBAN LANDMARKS
Highly precise ground control points, which are globally available, can be derived from the SAR satellite TerraSAR-X. This opens up many new applications like for example the precise aerial image orientation. In this paper, we propose a method for precise aerial image orientation using spaceborne geodetic Synthetic Aperture Radar Ground Control Points (SAR-GCPs). The precisely oriented aerial imagery can then be used e.g. for mapping of urban landmarks, which support the ego-positioning of autonomous cars. The method for precise image orientation was validated based on two aerial image data sets. SAR-GCPs were measured in images, then the image orientation has been improved by a bundle-adjustment. Results based on check points show, that the accuracy of the image orientation is better than 5 cm in X and Y coordinates.