SDQO AND SFO, ONTOLOGIES FOR SPATIAL DATA QUALITY ASSESSMENT
Spatial quality assessment is based on the conformance of data to its specifications or fitness for users’ purpose. These specifications and the users’ purposes include the rules and constraints that a dataset should comply with. Assessing the compliance of data to the rules is still an active research subject and rule-based approach is the common method. For the efficient rule-based system implementation, it is desired to automate assessment process with a domain-independent and web-based approach. Reasoning capability and re-usability of semantic web components are expected to promote efficient implementation. In literature, many domains such as agriculture, music, Linked Data and geospatial domain etc. apply ontology-based methods for quality management. There is a need to model geospatial quality concepts and rules in a domain-independent way to automate the quality management process. In our model of rule formalism, we use Web Ontology Language (OWL) and Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL). We devise two types of ontologies. These are; the specification ontologies (SfO) and the Spatial Data Quality Ontology (SDQO). SfO is to be created by domain experts/users to define rules according to specifications. SDQO is responsible with quality assessment; it is domain independent and makes assessment based on the rules defined by any SfO for the related domain. The quality elements are domain and toposemantic consistency that assessed by SWRL. In this paper, the design considerations of the ontologies for quality assessment are explained with an example.