LOCAL MAXIMUM DENSITY APPROACH FOR SMALL-SCALE CLUSTERING OF URBAN TAXI STOPS
Taxi trajectory data contains the detailed spatial and temporal traveling information of urban residents. By using a clustering algorithm, the hotspots’ distributions of pick-up and drop-off points can be extracted to explore the patterns of taxi traveling behaviors and its relationship with urban environment. Comparing with traditional methods that determine hotspots at a relatively large scale, we propose an approach to detect small-scale hotspots, so called docking points, to represent the local clusters in both sparse and dense stops areas. In this method, we divide the research area into grids and extract the docking points by finding local maximums of a certain range. The extracted docking points are classified into five levels for the subsequent analysis. Finally, to uncover detail characteristics of taxi mobility patterns, we analyze the distributions of docking points from three aspects – the overall, by day of the week, and by time of the day.