LITHOLOGICAL MAPPING USING LANDSAT 8 OLI AND ASTER MULTISPECTRAL DATA IN IMINI-OUNILLA DISTRICT SOUTH HIGH ATLAS OF MARRAKECH
This study exploited the multispectral Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) data in order to map lithological units and structural map in the south High Atlas of Marrakech. The method of analysis was used by principal component analysis (PCA), band ratios (BR), Minimum noise fraction (MNF) transformation. We performed a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification method to allow the joint use of geomorphic features, textures and multispectral data of the Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection radiometer (ASTER) satellite. SVM based on ground truth in addition to the results of PCA and BR show an excellent correlation with the existing geological map of the study area. Consequently, the methodology proposed demonstrates a high potential of ASTER and Landsat 8 OLI data in lithological units discrimination. The application of the SVM methods on ASTER and Landsat satellite data show that these can be used as a powerful tool to explore and improve lithological mapping in mountainous semi-arid, the overall classification accuracy of Landsat8 OLI data is 97.28% and the Kappa Coefficient is 0.97. The overall classification accuracy of ASTER using nine bands (VNIR-SWIR) is 74.88% and the Kappa Coefficient is 0.71.