Relationship analysis of PM<sub>2.5</sub> and boundary layer height using an aerosol and turbulence detection lidar

Wang, Chong; Jia, Mingjiao; Xia, Haiyun; Wu, Yunbin; Wei, Tianwen; Shang, Xiang; Yang, Chengyun; Xue, Xianghui; Dou, Xiankang

The atmospheric boundary layer height (BLH) is a key parameter in weather forecasting and air quality prediction. To investigate the relationship between BLH and air pollution under different conditions, a compact micro-pulse lidar integrating both direct-detection lidar (DDL) and coherent Doppler wind lidar (CDWL) has been built. This hybrid lidar is operated at 1.5 µm, which is eye-safe and made of all-fibre components. The BLH can be determined from aerosol density and vertical wind independently. During a 45 h continuous observation in June 2018, the stable boundary layer, residual layer and convective boundary layer are identified. The fine structure of the aerosol layers, drizzles and vertical wind near the cloud base are also detected. In comparison, the standard deviation between BLH values derived from DDL and CDWL is 0.06 km, indicating the accuracy of this work. The retrieved convective BLH is a little higher than that from ERA5 reanalysis due to different retrieval methods. Correlation between different BLH and PM2.5 is strongly negative before a precipitation event and becomes much weaker after the precipitation. Different relationships between PM2.5 and BLH may result from different BLH retrieval methods, pollutant sources and meteorological conditions.

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Wang, Chong / Jia, Mingjiao / Xia, Haiyun / et al: Relationship analysis of PM<sub>2.5</sub> and boundary layer height using an aerosol and turbulence detection lidar. 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Chong Wang et al.

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