Effects of organic coating on the nitrate formation by suppressing the N<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> heterogeneous hydrolysis: a case study during wintertime in Beijing&#8211;Tianjin&#8211;Hebei (BTH)

Liu, Lang; Wu, Jiarui; Liu, Suixin; Li, Xia; Zhou, Jiamao; Feng, Tian; Qian, Yang; Cao, Junji; Tie, Xuexi; Li, Guohui

Although stringent emission mitigation strategies have been carried out since 2013 in Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH), China, heavy haze with high levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) still frequently engulfs the region during wintertime and the nitrate contribution to PM2.5 mass has progressively increased. N2O5 heterogeneous hydrolysis is the most important pathway of nitrate formation at nighttime. In the present study, the WRF-Chem model is applied to simulate a heavy haze episode from 10 to 27 February 2014 in BTH to evaluate contributions of N2O5 heterogeneous hydrolysis to nitrate formation and effects of organic coating. The model generally performs reasonably well in simulating meteorological parameters, air pollutants, and aerosol species against observations in BTH. N2O5 heterogeneous hydrolysis with all the secondary organic aerosol assumed to be involved in coating considerably improves the nitrate simulations compared to the measurements in Beijing. On average, organic coating decreases nitrate concentrations by 8.4 % in BTH during an episode, and N2O5 heterogeneous hydrolysis with organic coating contributes about 30.1 % of nitrate concentrations. Additionally, the reaction also plays a considerable role in the heavy haze formation, with a PM2.5 contribution of about 11.6 % in BTH. Sensitivity studies also reveal that future studies need to be conducted to predict the organic aerosol hygroscopicity for accurately representing the organic coating effect on N2O5 heterogeneous hydrolysis.

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Liu, Lang / Wu, Jiarui / Liu, Suixin / et al: Effects of organic coating on the nitrate formation by suppressing the N<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> heterogeneous hydrolysis: a case study during wintertime in Beijing&#8211;Tianjin&#8211;Hebei (BTH). 2019. Copernicus Publications.

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Rechteinhaber: Lang Liu et al.

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