Effect of ovariectomy on proximal tibia metaphysis and lumbar vertebral body in common marmoset monkeys
This study aimed to investigate the effect of estrogen withdrawal on bone tissue in adult female marmoset monkeys. In a 1-year follow-up study we used quantitative computer tomography to measure total bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal tibia and the second-last lumbar vertebral body (L5/L6) before and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after ovariectomy. Body mass did not significantly change during the 1-year observation period. However, a significant decline of total BMD after ovariectomy was observed in the proximal tibia but not in L5/L6. In addition, regression analysis showed a significant positive relationship between BMD and body mass in both tibia and L5/L6. The results of our study support the idea that ovariectomized marmoset monkeys may serve as a model to investigate bone loss related to decline of estrogen production.