Spatial Component Models with Artificial Neural Networks for Spatially Constrained Regionalization
The authors have investigated into different geostatistical point data modeling approaches for regionalization purposes that employ the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) techniques. Regionalization is a spatially constrained adjacency classification problem. In this study, regionalization is viewed as classification of spatial objects (non-uniformly distributed points) into a smaller number of geographic regions defined by their spatial and attributive characteristics or regionalized variables. For regionalization, we take into consideration the non-stationarity and autocorrelation properties of the spatial data.