AREA ESTIMATION OF COTTON AND MAIZE CROPS IN PERAMBALUR DISTRICT OF TAMIL NADU USING MULTI DATE SENTINEL-1A SAR DATA & OPTICAL DATA
This study was carried out to estimate the area of cotton and maize crops in Permabalur district of Tamil Nadu using microwave and optical data. Permabalur was selected as the study area, as it is the largest cotton and maize producing district in Tamil Nadu. The multi-temporal Sentinel-1A SAR data was acquired from 09th July, 2016 to 17th January, 2017 as it coincides with the crop calendar of these crops. Both the Vertical-Vertical (VV) and Vertical-Horizontal (VH) polarized data were compared. The cloud free Landsat 8 data acquired on 7th October 2016 was fused with the Vertical–Vertical (VV) and Vertical-Horizontal (VH) polarized data of 13th October and classified. Unsupervised classification approach was adopted to classify the cotton and maize pixels. The highest accuracy of 72.73% and 76.24% were achieved in VV polarization + Landsat 8 data and VH polarization + Landsat 8 data respectively. The cotton and maize areas were estimated to be 20,218 ha and 28,032 ha respectively. It is also evident that VH polarization fused with optical data is better in discriminating the cotton and maize crop than VV polarization fused with optical data.