Tiefer See – a key site for lake sediment research in NE Germany
Tiefer See formed in a subglacial gully system at the end of the last glaciation in the northeast German lowlands. The lake has been selected as a focus site within the TERENO (Terrestrial Environmental Observatory) NE German observatory because it forms annual laminations (calcite varves) providing detailed information of past climate and environmental changes. Our research integrates palaeolimnology and limnology by combining high-resolution analyses of the sediment record with a comprehensive monitoring of the lake and its sedimentation processes since 2012. This allows evaluation of the observed effects of ongoing climate change in the context of the long-term history of the lake. The lacustrine sediment profile comprises the last 13 000 years and is dated by a multiple dating approach. The sedimentation is dominated by biochemical calcite formation and algal blooms. Detrital material from the catchment forms only a minor component even during times of increased human impact. Repeated changes between well-varved, poorly varved and homogeneous sediment intervals indicate that sedimentation processes in the lake are particularly sensitive to changes in lake circulation. The research at Tiefer See is embedded in ICLEA (https://www.iclea.de, last access: 2 August 2019) and BaltRap (https://www.io-warnemuende.de/projekt/167/baltrap.html, last access: 2 August 2019) projects.